Mustafa Saçar, Gökhan Önem, Bilgin Emrecan, Dervifl Verdi, Kadir Gökhan Saçkan, Ahmet Baltalarl›

Keywords: Mustafa Saçar .tool_j {font-family: Helvetica, Arial;font-size: 8pt;color:#575747;line-height: 160%;} A.tool_j:link {font-family: Helvetica, Arial;font-size: 8pt;color:#575747;text-decoration: none;} A.tool_j:visited {font-family: Helvetica


Atrial fibrillation (AF) which is a common complication seen after open heart surgery may be a cause of postoperative heart failure and embolic events as well as it increases the hospitalization costs due to increased hospitalization duration. AF incidence is decreased by prophylactic beta blocker medication. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the prophylactic carvedilol and metoprolol medications in prevention of AF after coronary bypass surgery. Materials and methods: The preoperative, perioperative and postoperative data of 146 patients who were operated for isolated coronary artery disease and who were under beta-blocker treatment were evaluated. Preoperatively 76 patients were under carvedilol medication whereas 70 patients were under metoprolol medication. Beta-blocker treatment was continued before and after the operation. Patients who had AF after the operation (group 1, n=27) and who don't have AF (group 2, n=119) were evaluated as separate groups. Results: Univariate analysis showed that advanced age, left atrial dimensions, carvedilol medication and statin medication were related with postoperative AF. On the other hand multivariate analysis revealed that advanced age and left atrial dimensions were independent risk factors for postoperative AF occurrence whereas carvedilol medication was found to be an independent factor for prevention of AF. Postoperative hospitalization was significantly increased in patients with AF. Conclusion: The incidence of postoperative AF is decreased by prophylactic beta-blocker medication. Carvedilol has a more prominent effect on prevention of AF when compared with metoprolol.