Hekim Karap›nar, Özlem Batukan Esen, Mustafa Akçakoyun, Göksel Açar, Selçuk Pala, Ramazan Kargın, Hasan Kaya, An›l Avcı, Cevat K›rma, Ali Metin Esen

Keywords: Heart rate variability, heart rate recovery, mitral stenosis, valsartan


Summary: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is known to be one of the most important complications of mitral stenosis (MS). It has been reported that autonomic nervous system (ANS) had an effect on AF development, heart rate variability (HRV) and heart rate recovery (HRR) were under the control of ANS, and their disorders were present in MS. We studied the effect of Valsartan on HRV and HRT, and thus its effect on ANS. Methods: Eleven patients (39±8 years, 10 females) with mild to moderate MS were included in the study. Sixteen volunteers (38±8 years, 14 females) matched for age and sex were selected for control group. All subjects underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), symptom-limited treadmill test and 24 hour Holter monitorization. The patients were administered 160 mg of Valsartan daily for 14 weeks. TTE, treadmill test and Holter monitorization were repeated at the end of treatment period. In Holter monitorization, the time and frequency domain analysis of HRV and in exercise test, HRR at first and third minutes (HRR1 and HRR3) were examined. Results: Before Valsartan treatment, no significant difference was found in HRR and HRV parameters between the two groups. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and also HRR1values were significantly decreased after treatment of Valsartan (117±6 vs. 107±4 mmHg p