Zeki Şimşek, Sedat Kalkan, Regayip Zehir, Elnur Alizade

Clinic of Cardiology, Kartal Koşuyolu High Specialization Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye

Keywords: ST-elevation myocardial infarction; Q wave regression; primary percutaneous coronary intervention


Introduction: Pathological Q waves are correlated with infarct size, and Q wave regression is associated with left ventricular ejection fraction improvement. There are limited data regarding the association between Q wave regression and clinical outcomes. Our main objective was to assess the association of pathological Q wave evolution after reperfusion with clinical outcomes after ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).

Patients and Methods: Standard 12-lead electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded in 1553 patients, who presented to our hospital with chest pain and underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) with the diagnosis of STEMI and were retrospectively analyzed. ECGs were recorded before and 90 min after PCI, as well as at hospitalization discharge and 12 months of follow-up. The study population was divided into three groups as the Q wave regression group, the Q wave persistent group, and the non-Q wave MI group.

Results: There were 502 (32%) patients with persistent Q waves (PQ group), 509 (33%) patients with Q wave regression (RQ group), and 542 (35%) patients with non-Q wave MI (NQ group). The degree of LVEF was significantly greater in the RQ group and NQ group than in the PQ group [(47.5 ± 10.1 vs. 49.2 ± 9.9) vs. 43.3 ± 10.5 respectively, p<0.01]. One-year mortality was significantly greater in the PQ group compared to the RQ and NQ groups [19 (3.78%) vs. 11 (2.16%) vs. 6 (1.1%) respectively, p<0.01].

Conclusion: In a population of STEMI patients, persistent Q waves defined according to the classic ECG criteria after reperfusion were associated with high one-year mortality, and low LVEF, while Q wave regression was associated with significantly lower risk of events.

Cite this article as: Şimşek Z, Kalkan S, Zehir R, Alizade E. Regression of q waves and clinical outcomes after primary percutaneous coronary intervention in st elevation myocardial infarction. Koşuyolu Heart J 2022;25(2):127-131.

Ethics Committee Approval

The approval for this study was obtained from Kartal Koşuyolu High Specialization Training and Research Hospital Ethics Committee (Decision no: 2022/3/571, Date: 08.02.2022).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept/Design - ZŞ; Analysis/Interpretation - ZŞ, EA; Data Collection - ZŞ, SK; Writing - ZŞ, SK; Critical Revision - RZ, EA; Final Approval - ZŞ; Statistical Analysis - SK; Overall Responsibility - ZŞ.

Conflict of Interest

This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

All patients provided informed consent for this study.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.