Kadriye Memiç Sancar1, Gamze Babür Güler1, Enes Arslan1, Ender Öner1, Ekrem Güler2, Mustafa Yıldız1

1Department of Cardiology, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Istanbul Medipol, Istanbul, Turkey

Keywords: Pacemaker lead; transesophageal echocardiography; tricuspid valve


Tricuspid stenosis occurs after the implantation of a ventricular pacemaker lead and is a rare complication. An inflammatory response is stimulated when the pacemaker leads are passing through the tricuspid valve which leads to fibrosis in the long-term. In our case report, we aim to present a patient with asymptomatic multiple pacemaker lead- related tricuspid stenosis and with a history of severe COVID-19 pneumonia.

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept/Design - KS, GG; Analysis/Interpretation - EA, EO; Data Collection - EA, EO; Writing - KS; Critical Revision - GG, MY; Statistical Analysis - MY; Final Approval - All of Authors.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.