Merve Afacan1, Seher Ünver2

1Intensive Care Unit, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Edirne Sultan 1. Murat State Hospital, Edirne, Turkey
2Department of Surgical Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Trakya, Edirne, Turkey

Keywords: Coronary artery bypass surgery; discharge information; patient discharge; patient education; surgical nursing


Introduction: To evaluate the effect of discharge information calendar on healthy lifestyle behaviors (HLB) of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
Patients and Methods: This randomized controlled study was carried out on 68 patients (experimental group= 33; control group= 35) who underwent CABG surgery between November 10, 2017 and October 10, 2018. Data were collected from the patient information form and HLB Scale-II. The patients were visited by the researcher one day before their discharge and verbal information was given about the HLB. Discharge information calendar that is designed as a desktop calendar and includes 14 main headings on HLB was used to inform the patients in the experimental group. HLB of the patients were evaluated at the day before discharge, 2nd and 6th weeks following discharge.
Results: The mean scale scores obtained from the 2nd and 6th weeks of the experimental group were significantly higher compared with the control group (p< 0.001).
Conclusion: The information provided using discharge information calendar to the patients after CABG surgery are effective in gaining HLB for the patients. It is recommended to use visual and written materials (such as the discharging information calendar) to inform patients and help patients to remember the information during the post-discharge period.

Ethics Committee Approval

This study was approved by Trakya University Ethics Committee (2017/212).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept/Design - MA, SÜ; Analysis/Interpretation - MA, SÜ; Data Collection - MA; Writing - MA; Critical Revision - MA, SÜ; Statistical Analysis - MA, SÜ; Overall Responsibility - MA, SÜ; Final Approval - All of Authors.

Conflict of Interest

The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study has received no financial support.


We would like to thank the Scientific Research Projects Unit of Trakya University (TUBAP) (Project number 2017/212) for funding the research and patients for saving their times.