Merve Afacan1, Seher Ünver2

1Edirne Sultan 1. Murat State Hospital, Cardiovascular Surgery Intensive Care Unit, Edirne, Turkey
2Trakya University, Faculty Of Health Sciences , Department of Surgical Nursing, Edirne, Turkey

Keywords: coronary artery bypass surgery, patient discharge, surgical nursing, patient education, discharge information.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the effect of discharge information calendar on healthy lifestyle behaviors (HLB) of patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.

Patients and Methods: This randomized controlled study was carried out on 68 patients (study group=33; control group=35) who underwent CABG surgery between 10.11.2017-10.10.2018. Data were collected from the patient information form and HLB Scale-II. The patients were visited by the researcher one day before their discharge and verbal information was given about the HLB. Discharge information calendar that is designed as a desktop calendar and includes 14 main headings on HLB was used to inform the patients in the study group. HLB of the patients were evaluated at the day before discharge, 2nd and 6th weeks following discharge.

Results: The mean scale scores obtained from the 2nd and 6th weeks of the study group were significantly higher compared with the control group (p<0.001).

Conclusion: The information provided using discharge information calendar to the patients after CABG surgery are effective in gaining HLB for the patients. It is recommended to use visual and written materials (such as the discharging information calendar) to inform patients and help patients to remember the information during the post-discharge period.