İlker Gül, Hasan Güngör, Bekir Serhat Yıldız, Günay Güneş, Murat Bilgin, Ahmet Çağrı Aykan, Tayyar Gökdeniz, Mehdi Zoghi

Keywords: Acute inferior myocardial infarction; electrocardiography; coronary arteries; thrombosis, coronary.


Introduction: We aimed to investigate the role of electrocardiography (ECG) findings in determining infarct related coronary arteries of patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of acute inferior myocardial infarction (AIMI). Patients and Methods: The first ECG records taken on admission to hospital and demographic characteristics of 132 patients, who were followed with the diagnosis of AIMI (mean age, 57.3 ± 11, 118 men) in our center between January 2004-January 2009, were evaluated. Results: When coronary angiography were evaluated, it was detected that the infarct-related coronary artery (IRCA) was the right coronary artery (RCA) in 70.4% of all patients, whereas it was circumflex artery (Cx) in 29.6% respectively. It was detected that DIII-ST elevation was higher than DII (94.6% sensivity, and 75.9% specifity, p= 0.001) and there was st depression in aVL and DI leads in cases which IRCA was RCA (88.2% sensivity and 75.2% specifity, p= 0.011). Although ST depression in aVL lead was higher than st depression in DI in cases which RCA was IRCA, this finding was defined statistically significant (%95.7 sensivity; %73.6 specifity; p= 0.016). RCA was the IRCA significantly in patients with inferior wall MI accompanied by right ventricular myocardial infarction (p= 0.005). Although Cx was observed as the culprit artery in cases which was accompanied by posterior wall infarction, no statistically finding was detected (p= 0.3). ST-depression was detected in V1-2 leads in ECG of patients whose culprit artery was Cx (%84.6 sensitivity, %36.3 specificity, p= 0.009). Conclusion: The findings based on surface ECG of the patients who underwent AIMI shows that IRCA can be predicted.