Copeptin in Severe Mitral Regurgitation Caused by Degenerative Mitral Disease
Alev Kılıçgedi̇k, Ahmet Seyfettin Gürbüz, Süleyman Çağan Efe, Ahmet Güler, Ali Yaman, Gökhan Kahveci̇, İbrahim Akın İzgi̇, Cevat Kırma
Keywords: Copeptin, mitral regurgitation
Introduction: Copeptin is known to be increased in cardiac heart failure. The role of copeptin in patients with severe mitral regurgitation has not been assessed in patients with preserved ejection fraction. The objective of this study is to evaluate the role of severe mitral regurgitation caused by degenerative mitral disease in copeptin release. Patients and Methods: 39 patients with degenerative mitral regurgitation (DMR group) and 30 control subjects (control group) were included in the study. The clinical and echocardiographic findings were recorded. Blood samples were obtained in 15 min before echocardiographic examination for determination of plasma copeptin. Global left ventricular longitudinal and circumferential strains were evaluated by applying 2D speckle-tracking imaging. Results: There was no statistical difference among copeptin levels of all groups (median values are for DMR:10.7 (9.0-17.1); control group:13.2 (10.6-20.7; p= 0.42). GCSTR and GLSTR were significantly lower in the DMR group (-19.2 ± 5.5 vs. -23.8 ± 5.3; p= 0.002 and -17.1 ± 4.3 vs. -19.9 ± 2.4 p= 0.002 respectively). LAV (83.7 ± 38.8 vs. 34.1 ± 7.5 p= 0.0001), E/e' (9.6 ± 4.0 vs. 6.0 ± 1.4; p= 0.0001), and E/A (1.79 ± 0.5 vs. 0.9 ± 0.24 p= 0.0001) ratios were significantly higher in the DMR group. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that there is no significant change in serum copeptin concentrations in severe mitral regurgitation due to degenerative mitral disease. This can be attached to the filling changes of left atrium, atrial stretch receptors, and increased stroke volume.