Hülya Yılmaz Ak, Mustafa Yıldız, Nurgül Yurtseven, Deniz Özsoy, Doğaç Okşen, Hakkı Kürşat Çeti̇n

Keywords: Congenital cardiac surgery, troponin I, mortality, morbidity


Introduction: Troponin I levels are the most important predictive marker of myocardial injury. Myocardial injury has been reported as the most significant cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric cardiac surgery. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of troponin I on postoperative mortality and morbidity in the child population. Patients and Methods: Ninety-nine patients to whom congenital cardiac surgery were included in this study. Perioperative and postoperative troponin I values at 24th and 48th hours were recorded. Patients were divided into two groups according to troponin I values at 24th hour (lower and higher than 15 ng/mL, respectively). Aortic cross-clamp time, cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) time, intubation time, and the duration of intensive care unit stay and medication of inotropic agents were recorded. Results: Postoperative troponin I levels at 24th hour were higher than 15 ng/mL in patients who underwent congenital cardiac surgery and were related with significantly higher CPB, aortic cross-clamp, intubation time, and longer stay in intensive care unit. Conclusion: Higher troponin I levels at 24th hour are associated with increased morbidity in patients who undergo congenital cardiac surgery.