Repair of Complex Mitral Valve Pathologies: Is It Worth to Cope With?
Salih Sali̇hi̇, H. Tarık Kızıltan, Aşkın Ali Korkmaz, Mustafa Güden
Keywords: Mitral valve repair, mitral regurgitation, mitral stenosis
Introduction: Mitral valve (MV) repair is preferred over replacement for its benefits of preservation of ventricular function, lower operative mortality, superior long-term survival, and avoidance of anticoagulation. In this study, we aimed to review the repair techniques of complex MV pathologies and their outcomes. Patients and Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 56 patients (mean age 41.8 ± 16.5 years; 33 males) who underwent repair of complex MV pathologies. 44 patients had pure mitral regurgitation (MR), and 12 (21.4%) had mixed mitral disease (mitral stenosis (MS) + MR). Preoperative and operative characteristics, postoperative MR severity, operative mortality, and midterm survival were examined for each patient. Results: There was only one early death (30-day mortality: 1.8%) due to postoperative low cardiac output syndrome. The procedures were successful in all patients who underwent MV repair. Transthoracic echocardiography examinations revealed no/trivial MR in 74.6% and mild MR in 21.8% of patients at discharge. Late follow-up was obtained in 55 patients. The mean follow-up period of patients was 47.9 ± 23.1 months. Mortality developed in one (1.8%) patient with Marfan syndrome who had acute aortic dissection three years after MV surgery. During follow-up visits, mitral repair procedures were successful in 49 (90.7%) patients. Four (7.4%) patients presented with moderate MR. Only one (1.9%) patient needed reoperation because of severe MR. Conclusion: This study showed that repair of complex MV pathologies provides excellent surgical outcomes. Repair of complex MV pathologies is safe and highly effective, but operations require considerable surgical experience.