Serhat Bahadır Genç1, Ahmet Tulga Ulus2, Mustafa Paç3

1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, İstanbul Medipol University Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Acıbadem Anakara Hospital, İstanbul, Türkiye
3Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Memorial Ankara Hospital, Ankara, Türkiye

Keywords: cTNI; hospital mortality; serum lactate level; VSD.


Objectives: Although the mortality rate of primary ventricular septal defect (VSD) closure surgery has been reduced to <0.5% in many centers, low cardiac output syndrome and multi-organ failure syndrome development in the post-operative period are still the most common causes of mortality and morbidity. The use of biochemical markers in the early period can be used as effective predictors for reducing mortality and morbidity. In this study, the effect of post-operative serum lactate and cardiac troponin I (cTNI) levels on hospital mortality in patients who underwent primary closure of VSD was investigated retrospectively.

Methods: The effect of lactate and cTNI values on hospital mortality in 52 patients who underwent surgical repair for VSD was investigated. Serum lactate levels of all patients in the first 6 h after the operation; on the first post-operative day, cTNI values were examined retrospectively. Serum lactate levels exceeding 3.5 mmol/ lt and cTNI values exceeding 35 ng/mL were determined as the cut-off points.

Results: Serum lactate level and cTNI increase were found to be statistically different in the mortality group (p<0.05). It was shown that increased cTNI was associated with weight, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, and cardiopulmonary bypass time (p<0.05). Serum lactate levels were 4.1±0.5 mmol/lt in the non-mortality group and 15.3±8.3 mmol/lt in the mortality group, and the difference was statistically significant (p<0.05). Hospital mortality was observed in 6 patients.

Conclusion: In patients undergoing VSD closure surgery, serum lactate levels measured in the first 6 h postoperatively and cTNI levels measured on the first post-operative day are associated with hospital mortality. Concomitant elevations of lactate and cTNI values in patients after VSD closure should suggest to take caution and early supportive treatments to reduce mortality.

This study was presented as an online oral presentation at the 43th Pediatrics Days (30 May-2 July 2021).

Cite This Article: Genç SB, Ulus AT, Paç M. Predictive Value of Post-operative Cardiac Troponin I and Lactate Levels After Ventricular Septal Defect Closure. Koşuyolu Heart J 2024;27(1):32–36

Ethics Committee Approval

The study was approved by the Türkiye Higher Specialization Training and Research Hospital Ethics Committee (no: 300, date: 01/02/2013).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept – S.B.G., A.T.U.; Design – S.B.G., A.T.U.; Supervision – A.T.U, M.P.; Funding – S.G.; Materials – S.G.; Data collection and/ or processing – S.G.; Data analysis and/or interpretation – S.B.G., A.T.U.; Literature search – S.G., A.T.U.; Writing – S.G.; Critical review – S.B.G., A.T.U., M.P.

Conflict of Interest

All authors declared no conflict of interest.

Use for AI for Writing Assistance

Not declared.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study received no financial support.