Effects of Left Internal Thoracic Artery Graft Use on Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Mortality and Morbidity in Octogenarians
Mehmet Kalender, Serpil Taş, Mehmet Taşar, Taylan Adademi̇r, Hasan Sunar
Keywords: Octogenarian, coronary artery bypass grafting, left internal thoracic artery, saphenous vein graft
Introduction: Atherosclerotic heart disease is the leading cause of death in developed countries. In our country, the numbers are slightly lower, but increase each year. In 2008, the number of cases was 10.410 (12.03%) of all deaths among people aged 75 and over. The proportion of octogenarians undergoing cardiac surgery is increasing, although this high risk population has many unknown issues to decrease mortality and morbidity.The aim of this study was to understand and compare the role of left internal thoracic artery (LITA) versus saphenous vein (SVG) to left anterior descending artery (LAD) grafting on early- and mid-term results. Patients and Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 105 consecutive patients who were 80 years of age or older and who underwent isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) between January 2000 and January 2010. Patients with saphenous venous graft only (SVG; n: 27) were compared with those receiving arterial (LITA; n: 78) and saphenous venous grafts. Mean follow-up was 42.95 ± 23.36 months. Results: There was no significant difference in mortality and morbidity between the groups (p> 0.05). A longer duration of aortic cross-clamping was found to be associated with postoperative renal failure in patients with saphenous venous grafts (p< 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in 8-year survival rates between the groups (p> 0.05). Conclusion: In conclusion, octogenarians should receive complete revascularization with short aortic cross-clamp time. We could not demonstrate the importance of graft choice for long-term functional outcome and survival as a prognostic factor in this age group who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery.