Anesthesia Management in a Patient with Myasthenia Gravis Who Underwent Aortic Valve Replacement Surgery
Tülay Örki̇, Deniz Avan
Keywords: Myasthenia gravis, aortic valve replacement surgery, anesthesia management
General anesthesia was planned for aortic valve replacement in a 67-year-old patient with type IIa myasthenia gravis (MG) who was on pyridostigmine treatment for 18 months. Pyridostigmine treatment was continued until the morning of the surgery. Propofol, fentanyl, and rocuronium were administered for the induction of anesthesia and sevoflurane for maintaining the surgery. The surgery was performed using standard sternotomy and under antegrade hypothermic blood cardioplegia for cardiopulmonary bypass. The cardiopulmonary bypass was uneventful. At the end of the surgery, remifentanil infusion was discontinued; the patient was transferred to the intensive care unit of cardiovascular surgery and was intubated. At 8 h postoperatively, the patient, after meeting the criteria for extubation, was extubated. No problem occurred during the follow-up. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 5 without any complications. In conclusion, open heart surgery accompanied by cardiopulmonary bypass can be safely performed in patients with MG by careful preoperative evaluation and postoperative follow-up, administration of muscle relaxant in reduced doses, and continuation of treatment with anticholinesterase inhibitors.