The Impact of Serum Osmolarity on Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Patients with ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Keywords: Contrast-induced nephropathy, serum osmolarity, STEMI
Introduction: Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is one of the most important causes for increased mortality rates in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients. In our study, we aimed to investigate the impact of serum osmolarity on CIN in patients with STMEI who were undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Patients and Methods: A total of 163 consecutive patients with STEMI were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into two groups; patients without CIN were assigned to group 1 and patients with CIN were assigned to group 2. The baseline clinical, laboratory and demographic features, including the serum osmolarity, were compared for both groups. Results: A total of 144 patients without CIN comprised group 1, while 22 patients with CIN comprised group 2. The serum osmolarity level [289.06 (284.75-292.39), 291.71 (289.69-295.72); p= 0.004] was higher in patients with CIN. Additionally, age (OR: 1.097, CI: 1.033-1.164; p= 0.002) and serum osmolarity (OR:1.117, CI: 1.008-1.238; p= 0.035) were found to be independent predictors of CIN. Conclusion: Higher serum osmolarity is related with CIN in STEMI patients who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. This could cause increased adverse clinical outcomes, even if the underlying coronary artery disease is treated successfully.